Problem Acne Skin – Cause, Treatment & Advice

 At Tufties we have a specialist team who can offer advice on skin care and facial treatments which can help support any medical treatment of acne prone skin whether a teenager or adult, male or female. 

While stress creates the trigger for acne, there are four main factors that contribute to the development of acne: overactive sebaceous glands (the production of too much oil), dead skin cell accumulation, bacteria and inflammation.

When overactive sebaceous glands produce too much oil, this oil spills onto the skin’s surface, creating a slick, greasy appearance. This excess oil acts as a binder, holding on to dead skin cells that were meant to be shed. The follicle becomes clogged with a mixture of oil and dead skin cells, prohibiting oxygen from entering. This creates the perfect breeding ground for bacteria, which leads to the swelling, redness and inflammation around the follicle, resulting in acne.

To successfully treat, clear and prevent acne, the cascade of events leading to acne development must be controlled: we must regulate the sebaceous glands, promote exfoliation to help shed dead skin cells from the surface, kill bacteria and soothe inflammation.

How to treat different types of Acne.

From the occasional whitehead to full-on painful pimples, different things cause different types of breakouts. Knowing what they are and how to treat them is half the battle of keeping skin clear and blemish-free.

The earliest forms of acne, whiteheads are a type of  noninflammatory type of acne and common causes include hormonal changes or blocked pores.

How to treat them: Topical creams can get rid of whiteheads. You can also visit us to have them extracted.


Another form of noninflammatory acne, but unlike whiteheads that are open, keratin gives them their dark color. Blocked pores and changes in hormones also cause blackheads to form. Medicated cleansers can get rid of the impurities that clog pores and clear up blackheads.

These are a group of acne bumps that become inflamed, making this a severe stage of acne. If left untreated, they can lead to scaring. Changes in hormones can cause pimples.

How to treat them: One way to treat pimples is by using a combination of products as well as oral antibiotics.

Cystic Acne
This severe type of acne consists of deep, acne bumps that look and feel like cysts. They’re painful and almost always leads to scarring, especially if patients try to drain them. The cause of this type of acne is almost always hormonal.

How to treat them: Besides the typical topical agents, oral medications like antibiotic pills are almost needed.

A great way to start  are kits that contain everything you need, we recommend Dermalogica and we have 2 kits available:

  1. Clear Start Medicated kit’s that is tough on breakouts, yet gentle on your skin. £23.00
  2. MediBac acneic and breakout-prone skin. £42.00

As well as prescribing home care we also offer specific treatments for Acne prone skin!


Crystal Clear Oxygen Treatment Facial £55.00

  • Anti-bacterial properties are extremely beneficial for acne-prone skin

Dermalogica Active Resurface £38.00

  • Provides intense resurfacing to stimulate cell renewal and cell turnover helping to treat congestion

Rejuvenating VPL Acne Treatment £38.00

  • Based on clinical evidence on the efficacy of blue and red light for the treatment of acne, Energist have a dedicated handpiece delivering both together. This maximises the photodynamic mechanism for optimum anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.